Produkty a Služby
Carpets: Fun Facts
The art of carpet-knotting traditionally stretched from China in the East to the important centres of
Persia, Turkey and Europe all the way to Spain in the West. One can distinguish between
nomadic, village and city carpets. Materials include wool, silk and cotton. Hand-knotted oriental
carpets are made on either horizontal or vertical looms. The richness of the art mirrors itself in
the myriad of patterns, styles, colours and texture of carpets.
In 1947, the oldest existing carpet was discovered in an area of permanent ice in Siberia. The
beautiful, well-preserved carpet shows the already very high development of carpet-making in
Persia around 500 BC. With a knot density of 360 000 knots per square metre, the famous
Pazyryk carpet can rival any of its modern counterparts in fineness and beauty. It is available for
viewing at the Hermitage in St. Petersburg, Russia
The art of carpet weaving was further developed in the Persian and Indian imperial courts of the
15th and 16th century. One famous example is the large-dimensioned Ardabil carpet, which is on
display at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. It has since inspired generations of master
carpet weavers for its design richness and geometry, and its fine and symmetrical execution. The
base of the carpet is silk, the pile fine wool, allowing for a high knot density.
As of the 15th century, oriental carpets become important objects in the courts of the European
Royal families. Oriental carpets – albeit often stylized – are depicted in oil paintings of the era, for
example, in the Darmstadt Madonna by Holbein (1528) or Vermeer’s The Music Lesson (1665).
After a short period of stagnation, the Persian carpet achieved new artistic and commercial
heights in the 19th century. Companies such as the Manchester-based Ziegler and co. had
manufacturers in Persia, producing oriental carpets with a European design touch. This style with
its soft beige and red colours is again very popular today and mainly being produced in
Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The history of the art of carpet making shows the diversity and richness of this craft. Below are a few examples of the many types of carpets available today.
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